Download Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity by Lang Wang, Arianna Maffei (auth.), Melanie A. Woodin, PDF

By Lang Wang, Arianna Maffei (auth.), Melanie A. Woodin, Arianna Maffei (eds.)

Since its discovery and primary booklet in 1973, synaptic plasticity in its most well liked shape – the plasticity of excitatory glutamatergic synapses – has been greatly investigated. yet to completely know the way mind services improve and are maintained, there's a desire for learning the interplay among different different types of plasticity. Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity integrates stories that experience tested the induction, expression and useful position of inhibitory synaptic plasticity at various organizational degrees (from the neuron to the circuit), via 4 major components: Refinement, habit, discomfort & harm, and studying & reminiscence. This quantity brings jointly a wide part of the present brooding about the plasticity of inhibitory synapses, and may foster new principles and hypotheses for the research of mind circuits and their function.

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For the LSO, frequency-appropriate glutamatergic excitatory inputs mainly arise from spherical bushy cells in the ipsilateral AVCN (Cant and Casseday 1986), while (predominantly) glycinergic inhibitory inputs come from the ipsilateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), whose neurons are excited by globular bushy cells of the contralateral AVCN (Smith et al. 1991). Hence, LSO neurons receive ipsilateral excitation and contralateral 4 Inhibitory Plasticity and Auditory Function 41 inhibition.

Nature 356:601–604 Kano M, Kano M, Fukunaga K et al. (1996) Ca2+-induced rebound potentiation of g-aminobutyric acid-mediated currents requires activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:13351–13356 Kawaguchi S, Hirano T (2000) Suppression of inhibitory synaptic potentiation by presynaptic activity through postsynaptic GABAB receptors in a Purkinje neuron. Neuron 27:339–347 Kawaguchi S, Hirano T (2002) Signaling cascade regulating long-term potentiation of GABAA receptor responsiveness in cerebellar Purkinje neurons.

A. Woodin and A. C. Liu Inhibitory Plasticity Refines Brainstem Sound Localization Circuits The localization of sounds depends on a variety of acoustic cues from a sound source. Monaural spectral cues arise based on how the outer ear differentially filters sound frequencies from sources at different spatial locations (Rice et al. 1992; Fuzessery 1996). Binaural cues arise due to differences in the same sound detected by the two ears. Because the head casts an acoustic shadow for sounds arising from one side to the other, interaural level differences (ILD) in the sound amplitude are created at the two ears.

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