By Azizur Rahman Khan
China's explosive financial progress due to the fact 1988 has no longer led to an equivalent raise of source of revenue between all chinese language electorate. The authors discover various purposes for the disparity and base their conclusions on powerful empirical evidence--especially the 1996 survey carried out through the kingdom Statistical Bureau.
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Extra info for Inequality and Poverty in China in the Age of Globalization
For 1988, other net subsidies include ration coupon subsidies (which ceased to exist in 1995) and other income includes income of nonworking members (which also ceased to exist in 1995). 8 Urban Inequality and Its Sources in 1995 Between 1988 and 1995, the Gini ratio of China's urban income distribution increased sharply. The increase in urban inequality was proportionately greater than the increase in rural inequality over the same period. 3, four are disequalizing in the sense that their concentration ratios are higher than the Gini ratio; that is, richer income groups appropriate higher proportions of income from these sources.
4. 3 shows the Gini ratios for urban income distribution and indices of sources of inequality in urban China in 1988 and 1995. 3. Urban Income Inequality and Its Sources (2) (1) G or lOOcjj Cash income of working members Cash income of retirees Income from private/ indiv. 1. For 1988, other net subsidies include ration coupon subsidies (which ceased to exist in 1995) and other income includes income of nonworking members (which also ceased to exist in 1995). 8 Urban Inequality and Its Sources in 1995 Between 1988 and 1995, the Gini ratio of China's urban income distribution increased sharply.
5. 5 shows the Gini ratios of income distribution for China as a whole and the concentration ratios of rural and urban income and their components for 1988 and 1995. 15 Overall Inequality in China and Its Sources As in 1988, the Gini ratio for China as a whole is higher than the Gini ratio for either rural or urban China. 5. Overall Income Inequality in China and Its Sources (1) (2) G or Q lOOq, Total Rural Income Wages Receipts from private & other enterprises Income from production activities Farm income Income from nonfarm enterprises Property income Rental value of owned housing Net transfer from state & collectives Miscellaneous income Total Urban Income Cash income of working members Cash income of retirees Income from private/indiv.