By Ole Elgström
How do small states strategy their safeguard difficulties? What forms of strategic tools exist for small states, and whilst and why are yes innovations selected instead of others? the safety of `weak' states is difficult, tough trade-offs within the judgements made. utilizing nineteenth century Swedish defense coverage for example, it truly is argued right here that small states, of their pursuit of safety and autonomy, face a trouble among abandonment and entrapment, resulting in a decision among balancing among nice powers or making an method of certainly one of them. this tough selection confronts either non-aligned and allied states.
it's also argued specialize in the pictures of selection makers is needed as a supplement to conventional realist conception with a purpose to achieve an in-depth figuring out of small country defense judgements.
This publication is distinct in its specialise in small, non-aligned states. such a lot reports on balance-of-power behaviour restrict their research to alignment judgements. The research additionally expands the area of picture constructs by way of introducing perceived regime features into the research, in addition to pictures of strength and intentions.
Audience: students and scholars drawn to overseas coverage research, relatively small-state behaviour. The e-book issues to the significance of ideals and ideas in defense policy.
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Extra resources for Images and Strategies for Autonomy: Explaining Swedish Security Policy Strategies in the 19th Century
AUTONOMY, ABANDONMENT AND ENTRAPMENT A common assumption in the literature on bandwagoning and balance of power is that weak states primarily base their choices of strategy on concerns for safety. Weak states have to think about their future survival, and in dealing with great powers this is supposed to be their main concern. Sometimes, however, even small states entertain ideas about possible gains. This is the message of theories about bandwagoning for profit. In many instances, survival is not at stake.
Practices like benevolent neutrality and informal alliances link a weak country to one of the great power coalitions. By approaching the weaker coalition, the small state may at best reduce the risk of great power conflict (by adding to the strength of that coalition), but there is an increase in the risk of being drawn into a conflict. Appeasement or, even more strongly, pilot-fish behaviour seems to increase the risks for the weak. The reason for this conclusion is that it seems plausible to assume that a winning, revisionist great power will have a higher propensity to take advantage of its smaller allies or semi-allies after victory, than is to be expected from a victorious defending coalition-leader.
Thus, the risk of abandonment is rather high. AUTONOMY AND STRATEGIC PRIORITIES Earlier in this chapter, "rank lists" of weak state security strategies by Labs and Walt were presented. Both these lists concentrated on the strategic priorities of small states within alliances. To conclude this chapter, I will construct a list of priorities of non-aligned, small states. The focus is on how the strategies relate to the autonomy goal. Contemplating the full battery of weak state orientations it must first be said that non-alignment seems to be preferable to alliance membership if autonomy is the main criterion used.