Download Human Detection and Diagnosis of System Failures by Jens Rasmussen, William B. Rouse PDF

By Jens Rasmussen, William B. Rouse

This publication comprises all the papers provided on the NATO Symposium on Human Detection and analysis of approach disasters held at Roskilde, Denmark on August 4-8, 1980. The Symposium was once subsidized through the clinical Affairs department of NATO and the increase nationwide Laboratory of Denmark. The objective of the Symposium was once to proceed the culture initiated by way of the NATO Symposium on tracking habit and Supervisory keep watch over held in Berchtesgaden, F .R. Germany in 1976 and the NATO Symposium on concept and dimension of psychological Workload held in Mati, Greece in 1977. To this finish, a bunch of eighty five psychologists and engineers coming from undefined, executive, and academia convened to debate, and to generate a "state-of-the-art" consensus of the issues and recommendations linked to the human IS skill to deal with the expanding scale of results of disasters inside of complicated technical structures. The advent of this quantity studies their findings. The Symposium used to be equipped to incorporate short formal displays of papers despatched to members approximately months prior to the assembly, and significant dialogue either in the course of plenary classes and inside extra really expert workshops. Summaries of the discussions and workshop studies look during this volume.

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He would not only get immediate answers but also get explanations to all of his questions about the system's reasoning (logic, data, and assumptions). This would not make the pilot's job trivial, but would offer him an intelligent support system of data and recommendations when and if he needed them, rather than simply flashing or buzzing when a symptom of some deeper problem was detected. Alerting display technology will of course be imbedded in this general display philosophy. CAWS displays will consequently tend toward being: Soft (displayed buzzers) .

Controls Ml motion to activate a specific control Sl what is observed as to which and how control is activated ml making assumption of move to activate specific control s1 decision of what would be observed if ml 3. System State M2 motion to observe system state display S2 what is observed from system state display m2 alteration of ml + s2 model to conform to Ml + S2 experience s2 decision of how system state would change if ml 3. Consequences M3 motion to observe alarms, consult with other persons S3 what is observed from alarms, other persons m3 alteration of m + s3 model to conform to Ml + S3 experience s3 decision of what consequences would result 1f ml Fig.

Fischl and D. Macpherson, "The Analytic Profile System (APS) for Evaluating Visual Displays", Human Factors, 17(3), 1975, 278-288. , Computer-Based Medical Consultations: MYCIN,New York, Elsevier, 1976. , Oct. 29-31, 1979, pp. 362-365. , "Complex Military Decision-Making", Naval Research Reviews, 23/9, 1970, p. 12. Thompson, D. , Human Factors Issues in Proposed Aircraft Caution and Warning System Experimentation, Technical Report for Contract NCA2-0R745-710, Nasa Ames Research Center, 1978, 22 pp.

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