By Ronald Bayer
Reprint. initially released: manhattan : easy Books, c1981.
In 1973, after numerous years of sour dispute, the Board of Trustees of the yankee Psychiatric organization made up our minds to take away homosexuality from its legitimate checklist of psychological illnesses. Infuriated through the Board's motion, a considerable variety of dissident psychiatrists charged the association's management with capitulating to the pressures of homosexual Liberation teams, and compelled the board to put up its selection to a referendum of the entire APA club.
Ronald Bayer provides a political research of the psychiatric conflict concerned, from the 1st confrontations geared up by way of homosexual demonstrators at psychiatric conventions to the referendum initiated by means of orthodox psychiatrists. the result's a desirable view of the people who led the talk and the elemental questions that engaged them: social and cultural values, the definition of illness, and the character of sexuality. to be had for the 1st time in paperback, the e-book incorporates a new afterword through the writer.
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Additional info for Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis
Applauding From Abomination its to Disease jp criminal law recommendation, Menninger ignored the latter point, writing: From the standpoint of the stitutes psychiatrist . . homosexuality . . con- evidence of immature sexuality and either arrested psychologi- development or regression. Whatever it be called by the public, is no question in the minds of psychiatrists regarding the abnormality of such behaviorJ" cal there Although the psychiatric consensus on homosexuality was still undisturbed in 1963, it had already come under serious political challenge from homosexual activists and their ideological allies.
In short, analytic therapy seemed to be most successful where the homosexual adaptation was not deeply and thoroughly entrenched and where the destructive role of the father was not as pronounced as in the "triangular Homosexuality }/f. & American Psychiatry systems" from which homosexuals most typically emerged. " With the irrational foundations of the homosexual adaptation eliminated, the latent heterosexuality could surface, allowing for a fulfilling sexual existence in accordance with the dictates of the biologic norm.
Like all boys, those are destined to become homosexual find in the penis a * Since it is not my purpose to present a full account of the various psychoanalytic theories of homosexuality, but rather to note the ways in which the issue was approached, I have decided for purposes of brevity to restrict almost exclusively to male homosexuality, leaving aside the question of the etiology of lesbianism. It should be noted that in part because of the greater clinical exposure on the part of psychoanalysts to homosexual men, women have received less attention in the literature.