By Quentin Wodon
This quantity offers a collection of six case experiences from West Africa. those investigate some great benefits of development (or the prices of a scarcity of progress) by way of poverty relief in these nations. the 1st a part of this publication describes the event of 2 nations (Ghana and Senegal) that completed excessive degrees of development within the Nineties, and that still skilled vital discount rates in poverty, even if progress used to be no longer strictly pro-poor. the second one half describes the adventure of 2 different nations (Burkina Faso and Cape Verde) that still accomplished excessive degrees of progress within the Nineties, yet the place there has been an preliminary belief that development didn't result in a lot poverty aid. The extra specified research of poverty awarded the following indicates notwithstanding that those international locations did witness a pointy aid of their inhabitants percentage in poverty, as may were anticipated given their development list. ultimately, within the 3rd half, the authors argue loss of development within the Nineteen Nineties in Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria has been a key cause of their again and again excessive degrees of poverty. total, the case reports make a powerful case for the optimistic influence of progress on poverty relief in West Africa. besides the fact that, additionally they aspect to the necessity to pay shut realization to adjustments in inequality, simply because such adjustments have constrained the earnings from progress for the terrible in numerous of the nations thought of right here.
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Additional info for Growth And Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa (World Bank Working Papers)
5) shows that of the three broadly-deﬁned sectors, poverty is lowest among those working in services, followed by the industrial sector, and so highest in the agricultural sector. Poverty reduction over this period was greatest in the industrial sector, though the incidence of poverty also fell substantially among those working in the agriculture and services sectors. To the extent that sample size permits, it is important to look at a more detailed sectoral level. This shows important differences between subsectors within each of agriculture, industry and services.
This difference according to the value of φ suggests that inequality is increasing at the lower end of the distribution and may be falling slightly in the upper tail. 10 By contrast, inequality increased substantially in coastal areas and the rural savannah for all values of φ. This is of course reﬂected in changes in the contributions of these areas to overall inequality as revealed by the decomposition (last three columns). Within a given year, as φ increases the contribution of the wealthier (chieﬂy urban) localities to overall inequality increases, and that of poorer (chieﬂy rural) localities falls, which is to be expected given the deﬁnition of the indices.
The use of alternative adult equivalence scales (including per capita), which also try to take account of differences in non-food requirements and which do not make distinction by gender do not change the results presented here signiﬁcantly (Coulombe and McKay 2000). 2. 7 Note: Mean values are expressed in thousands of cedis per year. The robust standard errors are in parentheses. Source: Authors’ calculation from the Ghana Living Standards Survey, 1991/92 and 1998/99. where inequality has increased this will offset the poverty reduction effect of the increased mean value.