Download Grammar in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy (Part I) by Richard Gaskin PDF

By Richard Gaskin

During this ebook, ten essays study the contributions made to the difficulty of the philosophical value of grammar through Frege, Russell, Bradley, Husserl, Wittgenstein, Carnap and Heidegger.

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Extra resources for Grammar in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy (Part I)

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We should decide to extend the popular usage of the term â designateâ by applying it not only to names, but also to sentences,' then the following formulates the philosophical view of truth Tarski seeks to make precise: 'A sentence is true if it designates an existing state of affairs'. Viewed from this perspective, it would seem that Frege has got the analysis of sentences all wrong. A sentence does not stand for a truth-value, one is inclined to say, but for a (possible) fact, and truth comes in when the (possible) fact named by the sentence obtains.

Since each uttered the very same sentence, then on at least one of these two occasions, that which was said was not the sentence, and so on at least one of these two occasions, it was something other than the sentence that was said either to be true or to be false. This argument is commonly invoked by Propositionalists. Page 32 Note that in each of the above arguments it was assumed that the property x was said to possess was the same property as the property y was said to lack. However, all (6) establishes is a certain connection between objects and properties so that in (I), for example, it cannot be both that the same thing was viewed each time and also that the property the thing viewed the first time was said to possess was the same property as the property said to be lacked by the thing viewed the second time.

We should decide to extend the popular usage of the term â designateâ by applying it not only to names, but also to sentences,' then the following formulates the philosophical view of truth Tarski seeks to make precise: 'A sentence is true if it designates an existing state of affairs'. Viewed from this perspective, it would seem that Frege has got the analysis of sentences all wrong. A sentence does not stand for a truth-value, one is inclined to say, but for a (possible) fact, and truth comes in when the (possible) fact named by the sentence obtains.

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