By Campbell Craig
The second one international struggle placed an finish to America's historic isolation from overseas strength politics, and so additionally to the long-standing American defiance of the Realist ideology that formed previous global affairs. the appearance of transoceanic army applied sciences, now wielded by way of menacing states reminiscent of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, made americans extra receptive to the Realist concept that diplomacy is about worry and survival. the yankee Realists Reinhold Niebuhr, Hans Morgenthau, and Kenneth Waltz built a latest strategic framework that sought to introduce American leader �Read more...
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Extra info for Glimmer of a new Leviathan : total war in the realism of Niebuhr, Morgenthau, and Waltz
Quoted in David Kennedy, Freedom From Fear (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), p. 426. 24 The Historical Setting of Modern American Realism Japan as a total war, one that must be won by whatever means, the United States (along with the less squeamish British) gradually adopted a strategy of city-bombardment. By destroying German and Japanese urban centers, American and British leaders believed that they were diminishing the enemy’s industrial output, terrorizing and demoralizing its inhabitants, and paving the way for a quicker end to the war.
112. An interesting biography of the British architect of such thinking is Charles Messenger, ‘Bomber’ Harris and the Strategic Bombing Offensive, 1939–1945 (London: Leventhal, 1984). 20 The Historical Setting of Modern American Realism during the 1930s. What the carrier allowed a nation to do, simply enough, was to deploy bombers (or other aircraft) as far forward as its naval power would allow. This basic fact brought the United States into the scope of the Second World War. Bombers could not yet fly from land bases in Europe or Asia, attack American cities, and return home.
Also see Robert Jervis, “Cooperation under the Security Dilemma,” World Politics 30 ( January 1978), pp. 184–85; Arnold Wolfers, Discord and Collaboration (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1962), pp. 247, 250; and Carr, Twenty Years’ Crisis, p. 159. 31. Carr, Twenty Years’ Crisis, p. 1. The Historical Setting of Modern American Realism 15 military bases on Cuba and the Philippines which served to raise America’s geopolitical stature in the eyes of other world powers to the level of, say, Belgium.