Download Germans to the Front: West German Rearmament in the Adenauer by David Clay Large PDF

By David Clay Large

In Germans to the Front, David huge charts the trail from Germany's overall demilitarization instantly after global conflict II to the looks of the Bundeswehr, the West German military, in 1956. The e-book is the 1st accomplished research in English of West German rearmament in this serious interval. Large's research of the advanced interaction among the diplomatic and household points of the rearmament debate illuminates key components within the improvement of the chilly warfare and in Germany's ongoing hassle in formulating a task for itself at the overseas scene.

Rearmament significantly confirmed West Germany's new parliamentary associations, dramatically outlined rising energy relationships in German politics, and posed a very important problem for the NATO alliance. even though the institution of the Bundeswehr eventually helped stabilize the kingdom, the acrimony surrounding its formation generated deep divisions in German society that persevered lengthy after the military took the sphere. based on huge, the clash used to be so sour simply because rearmament compelled a disagreement with basic questions of nationwide identification and demanded a painful reckoning with the past.

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Extra resources for Germans to the Front: West German Rearmament in the Adenauer Era

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The Only Way Out 111 6. The Politics of Equality 130 7. Treaty Ratification in West Germany 154 8. Scharnhorst Revisited: The Politics of Military Reform 176 Part 3. NATO And The Bundeswehr 9. The NATO Solution 205 10. The Bundeswehr Is Born 234 Conclusion 265 Notes 271 Index 311 Page ix ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This book has taken longer to complete than it took to rearm West Germany. During the seemingly eternal process of researching and writing it I have become indebted to the institutions that helped finance my work.

18 They were contemptuous of JCS 1067's injunction to expunge everything associated with the German military and its traditions. The American State Department, too, was unhappy with this directive, Page 19 though less with its military clauses than with its economic provisions. State continued to favor control or conversion of the German economy over radical dismantling. It was unable, however, to make much headway because the War Department now agreed with Treasury that the army should not be made responsible for keeping the German economy functioning.

By early 1956 West German forces were finally on the front, but many West Germans questioned their necessity or usefulness at a time when the alliance of which they were a part was switching to a greater reliance on nuclear weapons. Would not Bonn's forces amount to little more than "atomic cannon fodder"? it was asked. The Adenauer government responded that Germany's conventional forces were needed now more than ever, for they would help to ensure that no nuclear war ever broke out. Nonetheless, partly to allay ongoing public criticism of his security policy, Adenauer summarily cut the length of time draftees would serve.

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