By Ze'ev Hochberg
Working with ideas from the fields of evolutionary and developmental biology (evo-devo), this interesting paintings deals a brand new method of examining baby development and improvement, reading every one level and transition intimately, from fetal improvement to preadulthood. in accordance with the author's in-depth evaluate of the present literature and his personal observations as a pediatric endocrinologist, the publication demonstrates how the transitions among human lifestyles historical past stages symbolize designated sessions of evolutionary adaptive reaction to the surroundings. additionally, the writer explains why an figuring out of those transition classes permits us to higher comprehend the series and mechanisms of kid development in addition to to raised diagnose baby development disorders.
Logically equipped and obviously written, Evo-Devo of kid Growth:
Sets a great origin of ideas resembling evolutionary considering in drugs and baby development, existence historical past concept, and heterochrony and allometry
Examines the connection among baby progress and the idea of existence history
Applies evo-devo concept to fetal progress, infancy, early life, juvenility, early life, and preadulthood
Explores the trade-offs and adaptive phenotypic plasticity in the course of transition periods
Explains the function of lifestyles heritage idea in knowing and diagnosing progress issues resembling Down syndrome, Noonan syndrome, and Silver-Russell syndrome
In addition to the author's personal research and observations, this publication additionally beneficial properties notes from best clinicians and evolutionary biologists, providing extra views at the dating among evo-devo and baby development and development.
Evo-Devo of kid progress offers a brand new viewpoint for evolutionary biologists to appreciate the stages and transitions of kid progress. additionally, it deals a brand new method of aid clinicians to higher comprehend and diagnose a vast diversity of kid progress disorders.
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–10):
Chapter 2 baby development and the idea of lifestyles heritage (pages 11–52):
Chapter three Fetal progress (pages 53–66):
Chapter four Infancy (pages 67–90):
Chapter five formative years (pages 91–95):
Chapter 6 Juvenility (pages 96–114):
Chapter 7 formative years (pages 115–126):
Chapter eight formative years (pages 127–130):
Chapter nine Evolutionary innovations for physique dimension (pages 131–142):
Chapter 10 strength issues (pages 143–148):
Chapter eleven degree Transitions: Trade?Offs and Adaptive Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 149–178):
Chapter 12 existence historical past idea in knowing progress problems (pages 179–186):
Chapter thirteen whilst the applications collapse (pages 187–189):
Chapter 14 Concluding comments (pages 190–193):
Read or Download Evo-Devo of Child Growth: Treatise on Child Growth and Human Evolution PDF
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Additional info for Evo-Devo of Child Growth: Treatise on Child Growth and Human Evolution
Timing of exposure to stressors is particularly effective prenatally and in early life (Chrousos 1998) (Fig. 5). Indeed, early life experiences may shift an individual’s stress system baseline activity and/or responsiveness to the left (lower) or right (higher) levels. Early life programming such as this during the fetal and childhood periods may be associated with epigenetic changes imprinted permanently upon the genome as well as altered neural circuits in the brain. 5). 5, left). 5, right). The pathogenesis of acute stress-induced disorders can be explained on the basis of an increase in the secretion and effect of the major stress mediators upon a vulnerable background (Fig.
The recognition that environmental cues may profoundly influence the development and appearance of functional morphs in the population encourages a “post-genomic” interpretation of phenotype. Specifically, it challenges the simplistic interpretation of phenotype as a deterministic fixed outcome of the genotype, which has dominated much of developmental and evolutionary biology thinking in the 20th century. Phenotype viewed rather as “the expression of a given genotype under its particular environmental influences” (Sultan and Hasnain 2003) not only reignites the arguments of earlier evolutionary biologists such as Ivan Ivanovich Schmalhausen (1884–1963) and Conrad Hal Waddington (1905–1975), but also sits comfortably with emerging notions in modern molecular biology.
This is perpetuated not merely during the life cycle but across generations: In females, growth rate predicts future nutritional investment in reproduction, which in turn determines fetal growth rate in the next generation. Kuzawa suggested that growth and reproduction serve as mutually defining templates, thus creating a phenotypic bridge, and allowing ecologic information to be maintained during ontogeny and transmitted to offspring (Kuzawa 2007). Resetting of metabolic production in response to maternal nutritional cues may serve a broader goal of integrating transgenerational nutritional for adjusting long-term strategy.