By Christopher S. Chivvis
The eu Union has been deploying civilians in clash and postconflict stabilization missions due to the fact 2003, and the scope of civilian missions is probably going to extend sooner or later. This quantity bargains a basic assessment and overview of the EU's civilian operations to this point, in addition to a closer examine the 2 missions within which the ecu has labored along NATO: Afghanistan and Kosovo.
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Additional info for EU Civilian Crisis Management: The Record So Far
In practice, however, member states have had repeated difficulty recruiting police for missions outside Europe in large numbers. Boosting staff has been difficult, despite the recognition that more police are needed. Difficulty recruiting staff is 16 Interview with EU official, Pristina, April 2, 2009. 26 EU Civilian Crisis Management: The Record So Far partly the result of the fact that large numbers of European police are currently deployed in the Balkans. Should that mission come to an end, it is likely that some of the police working there would be available for missions further afield, including Afghanistan.
Monitoring Missions The EU has also deployed personnel to monitor ceasefires and borders, for example, at Rafah on the Gaza strip and on the Moldova-Ukraine border. In Aceh and Georgia, EU missions monitor ceasefires. The EU also monitored the Demobilization, Disarmament, and Reintegration process in Aceh, although the mission was relatively short-term and operated alongside missions from other international organizations. The fact that it took place in Asia has been touted, rather dubiously, as evidence of the EU’s global reach (Pirozzi and Helly, 2005).
The EU-NATO impasse, of course, cannot be blamed on the EU alone. In general, reforming Afghanistan’s police is, inherently, extremely difficult, and criticisms of the EUPOL mission must always be viewed in this light. Still, the shortages of staff and general lack of progress after seven years of effort (including the German effort) suggest that the future promise of EU civilian contributions, at least in hostile environments far from Europe, is limited. The EU’s effort in Kosovo, by contrast, suggests that the EU can make a serious contribution in smaller states, closer to western Europe.