By Alexander Döring Dipl. Eng. (auth.), Wolfgang Spyra, Michael Katzsch (eds.)
Although the tip of the chilly warfare has prepared the ground to a considerable demilitarisation and conversion, the leftovers of this method – comparable to former army installations, army education components, and large amounts of unserviceable ammunition and gear – nonetheless pose a serious probability to the surroundings of either NATO and associate countries.
The rehabilitation of those parts for civilian makes use of is intensely high priced and is mostly within the brief and medium time period impossible. hence, the improvement of latest equipment for the estimation avoidance of dangers should still obtain distinct precedence. within the context of this ARW, the reconnaissance and appraisal of conversion components with admire to expenditures, returns, and felony issues have been mentioned. The decades-long use of a few components ended in the heavy loading of contaminates. each activity of conversion has as its target the removal of risks to people and nature, and the go back of components to civil use, such that those components can be utilized comprehend fiscal pursuits of the society.
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Extra info for Environmental Security and Public Safety: Problems and Needs in Conversion Policy and Research after 15 Years of Conversion in Central and Eastern Europe
The new structures and capabilities of the AF, proposed by this vision, can be eﬀectively managed by a three-level command structure as seen in fig. 3, comprising of: 1. strategic level 2. operational level 3. tactical level. 44 On the strategic level the Ministry of Defence is the main body charged with the implementation of the government’s defence policy. The Ministry of Defence is an integrated leadership module, which combines both civilian and military expertise and functions on the principles of civilian control over the BAF.
4. 5. missions required operational capabilities operational concept planning scenarios force requirements. − Public support: In an open society, the state security and defence policy requires broad political, expert and public support. The defence capabilities must be perceived as being composed of the following major components: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. information support command and control training for combat use deployment outside the country execution of missions 43 Figure 3. Joint Vision Model of the Bulgarian Armed Forces.
This contamination is very complicated and heterogeneous due to the large number of factors aﬀecting the distribution of oil products 17 in the environment. Heavily contaminated soil aﬀects the contamination of waters by oil products. At the same time, the reverse of this process can also occur: heavily contaminated water can contaminate the soil. The largest sources of contamination were the military properties of the Soviet Union, most importantly the Ämari airfield and its fuel management facilities.