By J. R. McNeill (editor), Corinna R. Unger (editor)
Environmental Histories of the chilly struggle explores the hyperlinks among the chilly conflict and the worldwide surroundings, starting from the environmental affects of nuclear guns to the political repercussions of environmentalism. Environmental switch speeded up sharply throughout the chilly battle years, and so did environmentalism as either a favored move and a systematic preoccupation. such a lot chilly battle background solely overlooks this upward push of environmentalism and the crescendo of environmental switch. those ancient matters weren't merely simultaneous but additionally associated jointly in methods either elementary and brilliant. The members to this e-book current those hooked up concerns as a world phenomenon, with chapters touching on China, the USSR, Europe, North the US, Oceania, and in different places. The position of specialists as brokers and advocates of utilizing the surroundings as a weapon within the chilly warfare or, contrastingly, of stopping environmental harm due to chilly struggle politics can also be given vast cognizance.
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Additional info for Environmental Histories of the Cold War (Publications of the German Historical Institute)
It contained extensive mineral wealth: more than sixty different important elements and twelve thousand cataloged sites of such strategic materials as bauxite, potassium, nickel, cobalt, titanium, tin, beryllium, bromine, magnesium, rubidium, cesium, chrome, vanadium, industrial diamonds, and copper, along with peat and lumber. The Urals region held the Soviet Union’s largest reserves of many of these materials and likewise led in extracting them. 16 Robert Conquest, Kolyma: The Arctic Death Camps (New York, 1978), 108–9.
Towns to house the workers often arose as an afterthought at the construction sites. In a failure of rational Soviet planning, hydroelectric power stations produced far more electricity than could be consumed until the factories came on line and until transmission lines were built to carry the electricity to major cities. The Cold War effort to tame Siberia gained national attention in 1947 at a conference of party officials, economic planners, scientists, and engineers in Irkutsk. But because of the Stalinist plan to transform European nature, the authorities did not allocate sufficient funds for Siberian projects.
But in general, peasants in villages remained poorly served. In the construction of these hydroelectric stations and associated locks and irrigation systems, planners seldom considered environmental consequences, damming rivers willy-nilly at great cost to inland fisheries. This forced the fishing industry to the high seas. Untreated waste flowed into most rivers and found its way into municipal water supplies. Fish kills were the rule. By the 1960s, such anadromous fish as sturgeon had essentially been destroyed.