Download English General Nouns: A corpus theoretical approach by Michaela Mahlberg PDF

By Michaela Mahlberg

This e-book proposes an leading edge method of common nouns. basic nouns are outlined as high-frequency nouns which are characterized via their textual services. even though the idea that is prompted by way of Halliday & Hasan (1976), the corpus theoretical method followed within the current research is essentially varied and set in a linguistic framework that prioritises lexis.

The research investigates 20 nouns which are very widespread in mainstream English, as represented by way of the financial institution of English Corpus. The corpus-driven method of the knowledge comprises a severe dialogue of descriptive instruments, equivalent to styles, semantic prosodies, and primings of lexical goods, and the concept that of 'local textual functions' is recommend to characterise the features of the nouns in texts. The examine not just indicates a characterisation of normal nouns, but in addition stresses that features of lexical goods and homes of texts are heavily associated. This hyperlink calls for new methods of describing language.

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Additional info for English General Nouns: A corpus theoretical approach (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)

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On the other hand, an important advantage of patterns is that they enable generalisations, as words which share pattern features can be grouped together. The two-volume COBUILD Grammar Patterns series (Francis et al. 1996, 1998) shows what this means in practice: reflecting corpus evidence, patterns of nouns, adjectives and verbs are listed; and for each pattern there are lists of words that have that pattern. However, the usefulness of the pattern approach would be questionable if the focus were on surface features only.

Thus the phenomena that are counted by a computer are only a simplification of the actual situation of language. A point about frequency information that is different from the identification of appropriate units to be counted is the interpretation of the distribution of these units: is a particular word distributed evenly across the texts in a corpus? Leech et al. ), for instance, suggest some statistical measures to describe the distribution of words, and the Plot function in Scott’s WordSmith (Scott 2004: online) offers one way of visualising the distribution of words in texts.

V: n: adj: verb group noun group adjective group Chapter 2. The corpus linguistic point of view adv: that -ing: to-inf: wh: with quote: adverb group clause introduced by that (realised or not) clause introduced by an ‘-ing’ form clause introduced by a to-infinitive form clause introduced by a wh-word (including how) used with direct speech For instance, the coding ADJ on n represents a pattern in which an adjective is followed by the preposition on and a noun group. The upper-case ADJ indicates the word class whose pattern is focused on, italics mark specific words in contrast to coding symbols, in this case on, and n symbolises the noun group.

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