By John Southward
The son of a Liverpool-based printer, John Southward (1840-1902) used to be a prolific author and editor of books at the topic. He edited the Printers' check in from 1886 to 1890, and his sleek Printing: A guide remained a customary paintings for apprentice printers and compositors good into the 20th century. This dictionary of phrases hired in printing places of work used to be one in all his prior works, before everything issued as a per 30 days serial in the Printers' sign in. The ensuing excessive call for ended in the e-book of a moment variation in ebook structure in 1875. Painstakingly compiled, it covers the background and perform of typography, and offers references to different works the place extra details are available. Over a century later, the expertise and terminology of typesetting and printing have passed through huge, immense alterations, yet this ebook continues to be a desirable photo of the British printing within the mid-to-late 19th century.
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Additional info for Dictionary of Typography and its Accessory Arts (Cambridge Library Collection - History of Printing, Publishing and Libraries)
New wax should be boiled several hours before moulding. It should be kept in a large iron fish-kettle, to be ladled out as required. Should it become burnt it is useless. To prepare woodcuts for moulding, lock up the woodcut in a chase with a type-high bevelled metal clump border all round it. Brush the cut over sparingly with turpentine to remove the printing ink which remains on the block from the taking off of proofs. Should the cut be an old one, and the fine lines much clogged up, which the turpentine fails to remove, it is better to brush the cuts with a hard tooth-brush, dipped in liquor potassce.
The termination y is not to be placed ajlone; as, san-dy, gras-sy, du-ty, dus-ty, mos-sy, fros-ty, hea-dy, woo-dy; except, dough-y, snow-y, string-y, and a few others. But even in these exceptions it would be proper to avoid beginning a line with the termination y. There are methods, differing in some respects to the preceding, for dividing Latin, Greek, and French respectively, which readers acquainted with the languages will understand, Wilson's "Treatise on English Punctuation" contains several additional rule3 for the division of English words, which are of value:— It is desirable that compound and derivative words should at the ends of lines, be divided in such a manner as to indicate their principal parts.
X31Un. —Two letters cast on one shank, as £e,ce, fl, fi, &c—See LIGATURES. —See FURNITURE. —The name of a type one size smaller than two-line pica, and equal in depth to two small pica bodies. Reglet is also made to this body. —When a forme has been badly locked up or the lines insufficiently justified, the action of the roller frequently causes one or more of them to be drawn up, either causing an " out," if the letter is removed altogether, or a batter if it falls upon the face of the forme. Care on the part of the Compositor effectually guards against this accident.