By Brian W.J. Mahy, Marc H.V. van Regenmortel
This quantity comprises eighty one chapters that relate to veterinary and bacterial virology. the 1st part describes normal gains of farm and different animals of agricultural significance. the next 3 sections element different animal viruses, avian viruses, and viruses affecting aquatic species similar to fish and crustaceans. The part 5 offers with viruses which infect micro organism.
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Additional info for Desk Encyclopedia Animal and Bacterial Virology
A DNA polymerase type X, which is the smallest known, together with an ATP-dependent-DNA ligase and AP endonuclease comprise the components of a minimalist DNA base excision repair mechanism. The requirement of the AP endonuclease for efficient replication in macrophages, but not tissue-culture cells, supports the hypothesis that this repair system is an adaptation to virus replication in the highly oxidizing environment of the macrophage cytoplasm, which is likely to cause high levels of DNA damage.
Other viral agents that may cause defects include bluetongue, Rift Valley 22 Akabane Virus fever, Wesselsbron, border disease, and bovine viral diarrhea viruses. An important differential feature of Akabane infection in cattle is that the cerebellum is unaffected. , pericardial or pleural fluid). , by ingestion of toxic plants) or an inherited defect. The detection of elevated immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels in precolostral serum or fluids will differentiate between infectious and noninfectious causes of congenital defects.
Some of these proteins have been localized in virus particles by immunogold electron microscopy. The products of the pp220 polyprotein are localized in the core shell. Proteins p12, p24, and the CD2-like protein EP402R are present in the external region of virions. Seven of the virion proteins identified contain transmembrane domains. Genome Structure The virus genome consists of a single molecule of linear, covalently close-ended double-stranded DNA that is 170–192 kbp in size. The end sequences are present in two flip-flop forms that are inverted and complementary with respect to each other.