By El Rabih Makki
The current ebook is thoroughly in line with new linguistic discoveries and with no them it's going to by no means come into life. Its findings transform our view of language and its evolutionary historical past during millennia, unveil the most obvious relationships between world's languages, and raze to floor the partitions of may that the vicissitudes of time have outfitted to maintain language aside. 1. It demonstrates basically that Hamito-Semitic root is a fancy note which includes a couple of parts agglutinated jointly and expressing a concrete or precise that means. 2. The learn assumes that proots found in Hamito-Semitic relatives are present in all different households of languages and there's no language relatives which has thoroughly misplaced any of such proots. To turn out this truth scientifically, the learn compares Hamito-Semitic and Indo-European language households. The learn demonstrates exceptional similarities in sound correspondences, in proots, in conventional roots and their derivatives, and of their grammatical platforms. Concrete proof covers approximately all Hamito-Semitic & Indo-European etymological dictionaries & morphological platforms. three. The study additionally compares, even though in short, Hamito-Semitic with the oldest recognized files of the Sino-Tibetan kin. as well as 'evolution of language', the study additionally treats extensive the 'evolution of human capacities for language'. within the gentle of the hot discoveries, the learn evaluates all very important theories and assumptions which were outfitted on language and explains why all makes an attempt to end up relationships between households of languages have failed.
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Extra info for Decomposition of Hamito-Semitic Roots into Their Ultimate Primeval Components: Including Deep Comparative Studies of Hamito-Semitic and Indo-European and of Hamito-Semitic and Sino-Tibetan on All Levels of Structure
Dūķ “to pound”, Mand. duķ “to pound, chop, break up small by blows” (DRS IV, 238; MD, 105). : Te. dä‛äkä “to trample, to crush” (DRS IV, 293). Some old Arab scholars considered /-‛-/ of [d‛ķ] as being used instead of medial /-ķ-/ of [dķķ], some others treated it as an extra letter, and still others rejected both views (LA). g. a wall)” , k‟f ~ k‛f “to uproot” (LA), tašā‟ā ~ tašā‛ā “be far apart” (ŞḤḤ VI, 2388), şā‛ā ~ şā‟ā “to scream, shout” (ŞḤḤ VI, 2397), ‟indara‟a ~ ‟indara‛a “to attack”, kaζa‛a ~ kaζa‟a “thicken (milk)” (LA; ML, IV, 3), ‟ādā (from ‟a‟dā) ~ ‟a‛dā “to strengthen and help” (Amāli II, 78; LA), CIV ‟abhala ~ ‛abhala “to neglect, leave without shepherd” (LA), etc.
A wall)” , k‟f ~ k‛f “to uproot” (LA), tašā‟ā ~ tašā‛ā “be far apart” (ŞḤḤ VI, 2388), şā‛ā ~ şā‟ā “to scream, shout” (ŞḤḤ VI, 2397), ‟indara‟a ~ ‟indara‛a “to attack”, kaζa‛a ~ kaζa‟a “thicken (milk)” (LA; ML, IV, 3), ‟ādā (from ‟a‟dā) ~ ‟a‛dā “to strengthen and help” (Amāli II, 78; LA), CIV ‟abhala ~ ‛abhala “to neglect, leave without shepherd” (LA), etc. In some cases the interchange is due to old dialectal differences as in ‟an ~ ‟ann, which becomes ‛an ~ ‛ann in old Tamīm (Al ‛Ayn VIII, 398).
CA ђaĎa‟a “flame up a fire” = Egyp. ђĎ “become bright, illumine”. CA ‛uĎwu = Egyp. ‛dί “member”. CA Ďaw‟u “light (sunlight, daylight); mu-Ďī‟u “luminous, giving light” = Egyp. dw‟ “the morning”, dw‟ίt “the dawn, the early morning”. Hamito-Semiticists consider Egyp. /Ď/ as being equivalent to Sem. g. Egyp. Ďnђ “wing” = CA ĝanāђ id. Such two words could be „distant cognates‟. 13, n. 4 below. 51 below. g. OAram. ђr “master”, CA ђurru “nobleman” = Egyp. ђr‟ “master”. 6 Semivowels The two semivowels are preserved intact in CA; any change or interchange of /w, y/ in derivatives is subject to rules that admit no exceptions.