By David Lee Smith
This publication brings jointly 8 of the main influential contemporary articles on Oliver Cromwell and the Interregnum. Brings jointly seminal articles on Oliver Cromwell and the Interregnum. Illuminates the character of Cromwell and his achievements. contains remedies of eire and Scotland along dialogue of britain. Editorial fabric introduces scholars to the historiographical matters.
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Additional info for Cromwell and the Interregnum: The Essential Readings (Blackwell Essential Readings in History)
49 But we should not use this, as some have, as evidence of Cromwell’s position. 50 Even if both are true, it does not follow that this directly informed Cromwell’s thinking. 51 The application of this text to that man of blood Charles Stuart sustained many in the months that followed. But Cromwell himself never endorsed it; nor did he ever cite from the Book of Numbers before, during or for eight years after 1648. His own thinking followed a different course. After each of the major episodes in the second war, unlike any of those in the first, the leaders were 48 LSOC, I, pp.
73 Above, p. 28. 74 LSOC, I, pp. 403–4. 75 Gardiner, Documents, p. 373. 76 Our argument is then that by 25 November Cromwell was resolved to see Charles I put on public trial. No more than Ireton had he committed himself to the abolition of monarchy. As the phrase in that letter to Hammond (‘we could perhaps have wished the stay of it until after the treaty’)77 makes clear, Cromwell still preferred a different sequence of events: a breaking-off of the treaty; the purge or dissolution of parliament; an interim council on the model of the Scottish Commission of Estates; a high court or a commission of oyer and terminer consisting of Lords, Commons and military men; a trial of major royalist incendiaries culminating in the king; a conviction and then an ultimatum – abdicate in favour of your son and live, or refuse to abdicate and die.
500–1. At a less-well-remembered prayer meeting also at Windsor on 26 November this commitment was renewed: Gardiner, Civil War, IV, p. 235. 52 The first war had been a struggle between two parties who believed that they were fighting God’s cause. God had shown which side he was on from the moment of the formation of the New Model. Anyone seeking to overturn ‘so many evidences of a divine providence going along with it and prospering a just cause’53 were in effect committing sacrilege, seeking to overturn the judgement of God.