By Ronald L. Sakaguchi DDS PhD, John M. Powers PhD
Grasp using dental fabrics within the sanatorium and dental laboratory and remain present with this ever-changing box with Craig's Restorative Dental fabrics, thirteenth version. From primary techniques to complex abilities, this accomplished textual content info every thing you want to comprehend to appreciate the clinical foundation for choosing dental fabrics whilst designing and fabricating restorations. This sensible, clinically suitable method of the choice and use of dental fabrics demanding situations you to continue and observe your wisdom to life like scientific situations, supplying you with an authoritative virtue in dental perform. difficulties and ideas on the finish of every bankruptcy try your skill to use bankruptcy innovations to unravel universal scientific demanding situations. brain Maps at the significant other Evolve site condense crucial bankruptcy content material into single-page overviews perfect for fast reference, examine outlines, or finished studies. complete insurance displays primary options and the most recent sensible wisdom multi function authoritative resource. Appendix of resource fabrics offers speedy, handy entry to Weights and Measurements, Conversion Tables, and Comparative desk of Troy, Avoirdupois, and Metric Weights. content material updates and hyperlinks on Evolve continue you present with the newest advancements within the box. NEW! Full-color layout and illustrations make clear medical aspect for better knowing. NEW! Reorganized content material emphasizes clinical proof and is equipped via utilization in a scientific surroundings that can assist you research extra successfully. NEW! electronic Imaging and Processing for Restorations bankruptcy equips you with crucial realizing of present imaging practices. NEW! significant revisions replicate the newest advances within the use of tooth, dental, biofilms, mechanical checking out, ceramics, polymers, and composites.
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Extra info for Craig's Restorative Dental Materials, 13th Edition
Imbeni V, Kruzic JJ, Marshall GW, et al: The dentin-enamel junction and the fracture of human teeth, Nature Mater 4:229–232, 2005. Marshall GW, Olson LM, Lee CV: SEM Investigation of the variability of enamel surfaces after simulated clinical acid etching for pit and fissure sealants, J Dent Res 54:1222–1231, 1975. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Bayne SC: Restorative dental materials: scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis, Scanning Microsc 2:2007–2028, 1988. Marshall GW: Dentin: microstructure and characterization, Quintessence Int 24:606–617, 1993.
Although bacteriological studies of secondary caries indicate that its etiology is similar to that of primary caries, the mechanisms by which secondary caries occur are a focus of ongoing investigations. The removal of tenaciously adherent oral biofilms from hard surfaces is crucial to caries control and is most effectively accomplished by mechanical brushing with toothpaste, especially in interproximal regions and posterior teeth along with the use of adjunctive chemical agents. Although tooth brushing has been associated with increased surface roughness of restorations over time due to the process of wear, which could permit additional bacterial attachment on the surface, mechanical removal has been shown to be more effective than chemical intervention.
The accumulation of biofilms on glass ionomer and resin-modified glass ionomer biomaterials is a factor that has been associated with an increase in the surface roughness of those biomaterials. Fluoride-releasing materials, and glass-ionomers and compomers in particular, can neutralize acids produced by bacteria in biofilms. Fluoride can provide cariostatic benefits and may affect bacterial metabolism under simulated cariogenic conditions in vitro. Although the large volume of saliva normally present in the oral cavity is hypothesized to result in fluoride concentrations that are too low for cavitywide antibacterial protection, the amount of fluoride released could theoretically be sufficient to minimize 2.