By Napolean D. Valeriano, Charles T.R. Bohannan
This quantity within the Praeger defense overseas (PSI) sequence Classics of the Counterinsurgency period via officers-one from the Philippines and the opposite from America-who fought as guerrillas opposed to the japanese career and went directly to defeat the Huk uprising after global battle II. not like many different bills of counterinsurgency operations that target theoretical rules and their tactical purposes, the authors learn the skill to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of insurgencies. a permanent contribution of this booklet is its emphasis at the significance of intelligence in fighting rebel activities. With a brand new foreword ready by means of Kalev Sepp.
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Extra info for Counter-Guerrilla Operations: The Philippine Experience (PSI Classics of the Counterinsurgency Era)
The oldest approach, perhaps, is extermination or resettlement of the guerrillas and the civilian population, which includes those who support them. The Chinese Communists seem to have employed, to their satisfaction, the exterminatory approach to their guerrilla problems, effectively clearing areas by the wholesale slaughter of everything that moves. So have the Russians, on perhaps a somewhat less drastic scale. Outside the Communist sphere or Africa, it is doubtful whether many commanders today would be either willing or allowed to use such methods.
Existing villages were at times placed under curfew or under REVIEW AND 18 COUNTER-GUERRILLA OPERATIONS stringent food control that required whole villages to be fed from a central kitchen and that forbade individual possession of food. Some areas were placed under an absolute interdict; that is, people moving in them were subject to being shot on sight by security forces. These measures, coupled with active patrolling, a major intelligence effort, and a psychological-warfare campaign that leaned heavily on a reward system, eventually suppressed the guerrillas, whose number probably never exceeded 5,000.
The following description of a typical barrio in Huklandia—the nickname given to the central plain of Luzon in recognition of its long domination by the Hukbalahap—was written by a perceptive American artist in 1952: The ways of life among Filipinos range from one extreme to the other, with the city of Manila containing the heights of modernization. There wefindthe highly sophisticated internationally educated, driving imported cars, smoking imported cigarettes, eating imported foods. We find their counterpart also in provincial cities or country estates, enjoying the blend of contemporary gadgetry with the traditional gracious living of thefinanciallysolvent Filipino.