By Miki Makihara, Bambi B. Schieffelin
The Pacific is traditionally a space of huge linguistic variety, the place speak figures as a crucial section of social lifestyles. Pacific groups additionally signify various touch zones, the place among indigenous and brought associations and concepts; among neighborhood actors and outsiders; and related to various lingua franca, colonial, and native language types. touch among colonial and post-colonial governments, spiritual associations, and indigenous groups has spurred profound social switch, irrevocably reworking linguistic ideologies and practices. Drawing on ethnographic and linguistic analyses, this edited quantity examines occasions of intertwined linguistic and cultural switch unfolding in particular Pacific destinations within the past due 20th and early twenty-first centuries. Its overarching problem is with the a number of ways in which strategies of old switch have formed and been formed by way of linguistic ideologies reflexive sensibilities approximately languages and language useheld by means of Pacific peoples and different brokers of switch. The essays reveal that language and linguistic practices are associated with altering awareness of self and neighborhood via notions of corporation, morality, have an effect on, authority, and authenticity. In instances of cultural touch, groups usually adventure language swap at an sped up cost. this can be quite so in small-scale groups the place ideas and continuity frequently depend upon the mind's eye, creativity, and aura of fewer contributors. The essays during this quantity offer facts of this strength and a list in their voices, as they record new different types of neighborhood actors, e.g., pastors, Bible translators, lecturers, political activists, spirit mediums, and journey publications, a few of whom introduce, innovate, valid, or withstand new rules and how one can exhibit them via language. Drawing on and remodeling metalinguistic techniques, neighborhood actors (re)shape language, reproducing and altering the communicative economic climate. within the technique, they domesticate new cultural conceptions of language, for instance, as a medium for speaking spiritual wisdom and political authority, and for developing social limitations and remodeling relationships of domination.
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Extra info for Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies
Multilingualism still exists in the Solomon Islands, but its linguistic and social parameters have changed, particularly in towns: more often than not it involves Pijin and vernaculars, and in Honiara it includes English as well. I will show below how Honiarans make use of the different varieties of language they know to index their position in the urban world, claim membership in ethnic relationships, and illustrate their social sophistication. Their choice of language and how they use language reveals their urban experience and the construction of their social selves.
Williams, Raymond. 1977. Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. , and Kauanoe Kamanā. 2001. ” The ‘Aha Pūnana Leo Connection in Hawaiian Language Revitalization. In The Green Book of Language Revitalization in Practice, ed. Leanne Hinton and Ken Hale, pp. 147–176. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 2 CHRISTINE JOURDAN Linguistic Paths to Urban Self in Postcolonial Solomon Islands Introduction I think in many languages, therefore I am. This pastiche of one of the most famous quotes of Western thought encapsulates the linguistic state of affairs in Honiara, the 50-year-old capital city of the Solomon Islands.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Schieffelin, Bambi B. 2000. Introducing Kaluli Literacy: A Chronology of Inﬂuences. In Regimes of Language: Ideologies, Politics, and Identities, ed. Paul V. Kroskrity, pp. 293–327. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press. , Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul V. Kroskrity, eds. 1998. Language Ideologies: Practice and Theor+ y. New York: Oxford University Press. Schütz, Albert J. 1994. The Voices of Eden: A History of Hawaiian Language Studies. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.