By Michael Thau
Thau argues that 3 puzzles that has exercised the superior minds in philosophy of language and brain, i.e., Frege's Puzzle, The Inverted Spectrum, and the data Argument, are, regardless of appearances, variations of an analogous puzzle. this can be fascinating stuff. Many writers on those issues have given other forms of recommendations to those puzzles. If Thau is correct, then many should easily return to the drafting board. The prose is obvious and jargon loose making the e-book a excitement to learn. this is often possibly an important publication in philosophy of language in brain within the final two decades.
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So the fact that using qualia to account for subjective differences requires that we be aware of our experiences does not threaten Spectrum Inversion 31 the idea that differences in qualia do not amount to differences in representational content. However, the discussion of why this is so brings out that it isn't sufficient for the qualia freak to claim that we are aware of our experiences if qualia are to account for the way things seem to perceivers. Suppose that you and I are both seeing a square object, but (for whatever reason) the object looks circular to me.
E. Moore (1922,22) when he pointed out, against sense-data theory, that perception is diaphanous. Though Moore was a proponent of sense-data theory, he recognized that the theory is not true to the phenomenology of perception. When looking at, say, a ripe tomato, if you try to focus on the sense-datum that the theory alleges is the immediate object of your visual experience, the only thing there for you to focus on seems to be the tomato. In the context of spectrum inversion, Moore's objection can be put as follows: the subjective difference between Norm's and Abnorm's visual experiences is a difference in the way objects in the world seem to them, not a difference in the way their respective experiences seem.
For example, the twin-earth cases are a way of bringing out how difficult it is to conceive of someone having a thought about something without having some causal contact with it and the difficulties with the (at first blush plausible) idea that what one thinks about depends solely on what one is like internally. Similarly, once we separate off the concerns about functionalism, spectrum inversion is just a way to bring out conflicting internalist and externalist intuitions about perception. 5. Qualia and Fregean senses As I mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, there is an unnoticed similarity between the qualia freak's view and the view that beliefs are individuated by senses.