From Reform to Revolution: The Demise of Communism in China

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The USSR usually takes a leading role in regional organizations such as the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). If an alarm sounds, fighter pilots still sometimes slide down gleaming fireman poles at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson in Anchorage and run to F-22 Raptors kept idling in small hangars. On Adam Carolla's podcast Jan. 24, 2012, Dennis Prager says: "One of my most embarrassing stories which might explain why that marriage didn't last as long as it should have. "A previous wife [Janice?] came home one day.
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The Changing Governance of Renewable Natural Resources in

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This move by the USA has incurred condemnation by the Nicaraguan National Assembly.. . It is impossible to say whether he is right—but it is certainly a thesis worth considering. By the time of Brezhnev's death in November 1982, the USSR was in headlong decline." During the 1920s, the status of Soviet homosexuals was relatively tolerable. It appears, therefore, that the internet has become a most important medium, which provides the immigrant communities dispersed all over the globe with an alternative space for expression, empowerment and positive representation.
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Russia and Latin America: From Nation-State to Society of

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JFK's commitment to preserving American principles and ideals might, in turn, be traced back to Wilsonian internationalism or even to the Monroe Doctrine. Academician Keldysh himself was the subject of paranoid secrecy. Question 2: Why should forgetting about atrocities that happened to a group of people (whether ethnically, geographically, or what have you, defined) foster understanding of people’s general equality? Contemporary love always sins in that, absorbing the thoughts and feelings of "the two loving hearts" it at the same time isolates, separates off the loving pair from the collective.
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The Great Game - On Secret Service in High Asia

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Poroshenko said he was ready to order a cease-fire in eastern Ukraine if a deal is signed at scheduled talks Friday in Minsk, Belarus. I was at a speech and a woman came over to me and she said, ‘Dennis, I read your books and I got involved in Judaism and let me show you the product of my involvement. Most analysts see cause and effect during the Soviet transition as being one of the transition of the economy causing the oil production decline. The booklet cited the following statement from the Muslim Board of Russia, dated September 15, 1923: By the holy mercy of Allah the revolution that took place in Russia has eliminated the ruthless, despotic autocracy which used to persecute the religion of Islam.
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How the Cold War Ended: Debating and Doing History (Issues

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After the severe economic collapse caused by the war, Lenin replaced War Communism with the New Economic Policy (NEP) in 1921, legalising free trade and private ownership of smaller businesses. Kaple (ed.), World Encyclopedia of Political Parties and Systems (3rd ed.), Facts on File Publications, New York and Oxford, UK, 1999 "The Georgian-Abkhazian Dispute: a Hot Summer," Analysis of Current Events, June 1997, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp.9-11 "Georgia: the trauma of statehood," Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras (eds.) New States, New Politics: Building the Post-Soviet Nations, CUP Cambridge (UK), 1997 (Updated and revised version of "Georgia: a Failed Democratic Transition," Bremmer and Taras (eds.), Nation and Politics in the Soviet Successor States, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK), 1993, pp. 288-310) "Georgians" Encyclopedia of American Immigrant Cultures, David Levinson and Melvin Ember (eds.), New York, Simon & Schuster, pp. 310-315 Prospect for the Return of Internally Displaced Persons and Refugees to Abkhazia; a UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) Review of the Situation in Georgia.
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My 2 Cents: Ukraine

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Most of the country was north of 50° north latitude and covered a total area of approximately 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 sq mi ). In August 1991 Gorbachev and leaders of seven of the Soviet Union's constituent republics were scheduled to sign a treaty to decentralize power and change the country's name to the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics, but an attempted political coup prevented adoption of the treaty and led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union..
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Rethinking Post-Communist Rhetoric: Perspectives on

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In 1990 AiF (its common abbreviation) was entered in the Guinness book of records for its print run of 33.5 million. So European problems with energy security posed by dependence on Russian gas will be diminished. Behind the new international consensus isthe goal of making the West Bank an exemplar of the benefits of co-operatingwith the west and renouncing terrorism. British Parliamentary Election Results, 1832-1997. Another national treasure, the Ho Chi Minh Campaign map measuring 185cm x 170cm which includes 12 pieces, was drawn by officials of the Combat Department of the South Vietnam Liberation Army Command and the Ho Chi Minh Campaign Command in the Ta Thiet Base in Binh Phuoc province.
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Soviet Karelia: Politics, Planning and Terror in Stalin's

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The chief targets relevant to sex equality were the Church, the Islamic tradition with institutions perpetuating the inferior status of women such as the bride price, and those basic attitudes of the population, especially among the peasantry, which were so strongly linked to the old patriarchal mores. A Statistical History of the American Electorate. In Hungarian with English subtitles. 102 min. 999:2157 Directed by András Kovács.
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Russian Military Intelligence in the War with Japan of

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At the time, the military-industrial complex employed at least one of every five adults in the Soviet Union. For six months, this hopeful entrepreneur devoted his time and money to caring for it and feeding it, hoping he would earn twice his money back by selling it. Others leak and cannot transport the resource to the desired location. According to former foreign Soviet minister Shevardnadze did “the people who made the decision [...] not plan to stay in Afghanistan for any length of time” (as quoted in Litwak, 1992: 77) The Soviets underestimated the resistance forces - with regard to their strength and resilience - while at the same time overestimating the feasibility of regenerating the Afghan Armed Forces (McMichael, 1991:10).
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The Romanov Empire and Nationalism

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For the first time since homo sapiens began to doodle on cave walls, there is an argument, an opportunity and a means to make serious steps towards a world government. About 180,000 Jews departed for Israel, 150,000 Germans departed for a united Germany, and about 55,000 citizens emigrated to the United States. Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands: The Politics of National Y Slezkine (2000) ‘The USSR as a Communal Apartment, or How a Socialist State Promoted Ethnic Particularism’, in G Eley and R Suny (eds) Becoming National: (1998) Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands: The Politics of National Ronald Suny (1995) ‘Ambiguous Categories: States, Empires and Nations’ 11 Post- Ronald Suny (2001) ‘Provisional Stabilities: The Politics of Identities in Post-Soviet 317 International Review of the Red Cross 125.
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