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By Glyn Humphreys

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Extra resources for Category Specificity in Brain and Mind (Brain Damage, Behaviour, and Cognition)

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Calling a squirrel a squirrel but a canoe a wigwam: A category-specific deficit for artefactual objects and body parts. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 9, 73–86. , & De Wilde, V. (1998). Impaired knowledge of visual and non-visual attributes in a patient with a semantic impairment for living entities: A case of a true category-specific deficit. Neurocase, 4, 273–290. R. (1997). Precursors to a theory of mind: Insights from a non-human primate. Honors thesis. Harvard University. S. (2001). Representations of food.

Therefore, if domain-specificity accounts are correct then the domains of knowledge that make up human cognition are likely to be those that were most salient in primate evolution (or earlier) and most costly in terms of survival and reproductive success. This hypothesis predicts that the domainspecific distinctions that humans possess should be shared by closely related primate species whose cognitive mechanisms serve similar functions evolutionarily. Similarly, because natural selection is likely to favour domainspecific mechanisms for problems that have a narrow window of learning, one would predict that these distinctions should emerge early and consistently in human ontogeny, without need for much experience.

Sperber, D. J. ), Causal cognition: A multidisciplinary debate (pp. 185–199). Oxford: Clarendon Press. G. (1987). The Cayo Santiago macaques: History, behavior, and biology. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. , & Funnell, E. (1988). Semantic systems or system? Neuropsychological evidence re-examined. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 5, 3–25. L. (1997). Development of neuronal activity in cortical regions underlying visual recognition in monkeys. A. R. S. ), Development of the prefrontal cortex: Evolution, neurobiology, and behavior (pp.

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