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By Maung Aung Myoe

Ever considering the fact that Myanmar regained her independence in January 1948, the Tatmadaw (Myanmar defense force) has been an important in restoring and holding legislation and order. it really is probably the most vital associations in Myanmar politics. a variety of facets of the Tatmadaw were studied. the main striking region of analysis has been the political function of the army. This research appears to be like on the organizational improvement of the Myanmar military. It analyses 4 various elements of the Tatmadaw: army doctrine and procedure, association and strength constitution, armament and strength modernization, and armed forces education and officer schooling. It units out defense perceptions and guidelines, charting advancements in every one part opposed to the location on the time, and likewise notes the contributions of the major actors within the method. for the reason that early Nineties, the Tatmadaw has applied a strength modernization programme. This paintings reports rationales and technique in the back of the strength modernization programme and examines the army functions of the Tatmadaw. Drawing greatly from archival assets and current literature, this empirically grounded learn argues that, whereas the interior armed defense chance to the kingdom keeps to play an immense function, it's the exterior protection danger that provides extra weight to the growth and modernization of the Tatmadaw given that 1988. It additionally argues that, regardless of its imperfections, the Tatmadaw has remodeled from a strength primarily for counter-insurgency operations right into a strength in a position to scuffling with in constrained traditional conflict.

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22 There were two basic themes in the discussions of this period. One was counter-insurgency; the other was preparation to fight a foreign invasion, in case the war in Indochina spilled over the border. 23 To combat foreign invasion, commanders discussed the feasibility of introducing the “people’s war” doctrine. However, the people’s war could also be used in counter-insurgency operations. To prepare for the transition to people’s war, a delegation led by Lieutenant Colonel Thura Tun Tin was sent to Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany in July 1964 to study the organizational structure, armaments, training, territorial organization, and strategy of people’s militias.

They also exploit the changing international situation. In essence, the insurgents are waging a protracted war based on guerrilla warfare … They operate by relying on people’s support. It is evident that villages are becoming insurgent strongholds and hideouts. They infiltrate villages and breed hardcore cadres. Through these hardcore cadres they control the villages. Then in the next stage, these villages are turned into base areas. 39 The officer further said that insurgents gained the element of surprise, had better intelligence, relied on maintaining a high tempo in manoeuvres, and applied mobile defence.

We will always face the insurgents having the upper hand in operations. It is necessary to step up organisational activities in villages. 18 In the process of formulating a new military doctrine in 1964, the General Staff Office’s report spelt out the three potential enemies and laid out recommendations on strategy. The potential opponents were: internal insurgents, historical enemies with roughly an equal strength, and enemies with greater strength. 19 The report recommended: In suppressing insurgencies, the Tatmadaw should be trained to conduct long-range penetration with a tactic of continuous search and destroy.

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