Download Britain Since 1945 by Kenneth O. Morgan PDF

By Kenneth O. Morgan

Content material:
Chapter 1 international and Defence coverage (pages 1–18): Christopher Coker
Chapter 2 The structure, Goverment and Parliament (pages 19–39): Simon James
Chapter three The Political events (pages 10–58): Alan Sked
Chapter four From Commonwealth to eu Integration (pages 59–108): Jonathan Hollowell
Chapter five Scotland: Cultural Base and monetary Catalysts (pages 109–125): James Mitchell
Chapter 6 Wales on the grounds that 1945 (pages 126–140): Kenneth O. Morgan
Chapter 7 Northern eire given that 1945 (pages 141–160): Henry Patterson
Chapter eight The Currents of Political inspiration (pages 161–178): Roger Eatwell
Chapter nine The Civil carrier (pages 179–193): Keith Dowding
Chapter 10 neighborhood govt (pages 195–210): Nirmala Rao
Chapter eleven The Media (pages 211–237): Michael Bromley
Chapter 12 Social traits, constructions, Values and behavior (pages 239–259): Arthur Marwick
Chapter thirteen lady and Social swap, 1945–1995 (pages 260–278): Jane Lewis
Chapter 14 Cultural switch (pages 279–295): Jim McGuigan
Chapter 15 schooling when you consider that 1945 (pages 296–312): Anthony Heath
Chapter sixteen Race kin (pages 313–331): Shamit Saggar
Chapter 17 well-being and healthiness Care (pages 332–346): Ray Fitzpatrick, Rebecca Surender and Taranie Chandola
Chapter 18 technology and data Technoloav (pages 347–364): Jon Agar
Chapter 19 strain teams (pages 365–379): Wyn Grant
Chapter 20 monetary coverage (pages 381–403): Stephen Broadberry
Chapter 21 Employement of the Labour industry (pages 404–424): Duncan Gallie
Chapter 22 commercial and Labour kinfolk (pages 425–441): Chris Wrigley
Chapter 23 The Welfare country given that 1945 (pages 442–460): Helen Vawcett

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As a percentage of GNP, spending on defence was reduced from 5 per cent to 2 per cent. Perhaps the most significant aspect was the cut in manpower levels. The armed forces were reduced to a size that had not been seen since 1938. The army was reduced to a little over 100,000 men (small enough to fit into Wembley Stadium); the navy was cut back to just over thirty ships; the air force was substantially reduced. By the end of the 1990s the British were spending on defence, in per capita terms, only three times more than the nation spent on the National Lottery, or about what it spent on package holidays in the sun.

Finally, it also proposed a greater degree of specialisation by working with its NATO allies. What it proposed to do, however, was to cut the strength of the Royal Navy substantially. Perhaps what is most interesting about the debate is that it was very short in duration. It was a measure of the declining importance of defence in government thinking that the 1981 Review was completed in 12 weeks and involved only one three-hour meeting of the Cabinet. The 1967 Review, by comparison, had taken 12 months to prepare and involved 30 separate full Cabinet meetings.

After gaining a large majority in the 1966 election, the Labour government showed a modest interest in legislation: the voting age was lowered from 21 to 18; an ombudsman was introduced; and in 1968 the government made a shot at reforming the composition of the Lords. The first two were popular; the last was a fiasco. The proposal for a new House composed wholly of nominated and salaried peers, although supported by the Conservative front bench, was fiercely resisted by a combination of Labour abolitionists led by Michael Foot and Conservative mavericks led by Enoch Powell.

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