By Richard Unger, Jakub Basista
In twenty-four papers students from Europe and North the USA study numerous points of the economies, politics and tradition of england and Poland-Lithuania from the center a while right down to the 3rd Partition. The similarities among the 2 likely various areas are as wonderful because the long-standing connections among the British Isles and East imperative Europe. advertisement ties have been complemented by means of migration and via cultural alternate with writers, philosophers and artists in either areas taking an curiosity within the different. In sections dedicated to faith and toleration, exchange, diasporas, political thought, and stereotypes between others the authors current a brand new and unforeseen historical past of the connection among states which politically as much as 1795 went in contrary instructions. participants are: Richard Butterwick, Nils Hybel, Wendy Childs, Maryanne Kowaleski, Stanka Kuzmova, Sarah Layfield, Richard D Oram, Emilia Jamroziak, Piotr Guzowski, Derek Keene, Tomasz Gromelski, Pawel Rutkowski, Benedict Wagner-Rundell, John Fudge, Brian Levack, Beata Cieszynska, Waldemar Kowalski, Arthur H. Williamson, M.St. Almut Hillebrand, Peter Paul Bajer, Roisin Healy, Dariusz Rolnik, Jan Wolenski, Aleksandra Koutny-Jones.
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Additional resources for Britain and Poland-Lithuania: Contact and Comparison from the Middle Ages to 1795 (The Northern World)
Poland could have no equivalent to the global empire, or even the more modest subsequent role as a world power, which have delayed the break-up of the United Kingdom into the twenty-first century. It remains to make some further suggestions for Polish-British research. Most dramatically, the mid-seventeenth-century crisis and civil and foreign wars that afflicted both Poland-Lithuania and the British kingdoms in the 1640s and 1650s awaits an extended comparison. Both the ‘British’ framework and the ‘provincial’ school associated with John Morrill could inspire an analysis of the situation in Poland-Lithuania during the Khmelnytskyi (Chmielnicki) revolt and the Swedish ‘Deluge’.
On the other hand, landholdings in Poland remained larger and the burdens were still manageable. 4 Closer comparisons for later centuries might be sought among the impoverished Irish peasantry. After the Tudor, Cromwellian and 4 See Piotr Guzowski’s paper. indd xxxi 3/13/2008 8:05:46 PM xxxii richard butterwick Williamite interventions in Ireland had largely replaced the Catholic Irish landowning elite with Anglophone Protestants, the Gaelic Irish peasantry was religiously and culturally alienated from their landlords.
21 As Tomasz Gromelski shows, the English and Polish elites in the sixteenth century shared similar concepts of the body politic—the ‘commonwealth’ or rzeczpospolita—which were both translations of res publica. And in neither case was the concept of res publica held incompatible with the institution of monarchy. Both polities were considered mixed forms of government: monarchia mixta, which combined the advantages of forms in which power was held by one, few or many. These were reflected in the ideas of sovereignty being vested in the ‘King-inParliament’ consisting of the Houses of Lords and Commons, and the corresponding idea of the three estates of the Sejm, that is King, Senate, and Chamber of Envoys.