Download Beginner's Shona (Chishona) by Aquilina Mawadza PDF

By Aquilina Mawadza

The fundamentals of Chishona, the main largely spoken kind of Shona, are taught the following in 12 entire classes. each one lesson incorporates a perform discussion, vocabulary, grammar reasons, and assessment routines.

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Ndi + no + dy + a Ndinodya Unodya Anodya I eat You eat He / She eats LESSON ONE Tinodya Munodya Vanodya M) We eat You eat They eat Formation of the negative present tense The formation of the negative differs from one verb tense to another. In the present tense, ha- is the negative marker and the -a verb stem ending changes to -i. The -i verb stem ending occurs with the negative of some tenses, but not all. g. g. g. Ha + Ndi + si + kudya Handisi kudya Hausi kudya Haasi kudya Hatisi kudya Hamusi kudya Havasi kudya I am not eating You are not eating He / She is not eating We are not eating You are not eating They are not eating LESSON ONE 41 EXERCISES I.

Unodzidza chii kuUniversity? Ndafara kukuziva. LESSON TWO BEGINNER'S SHONA 44 DIALOGUE Kubvunza nzira TENDAI: Pamusoroi, ndingabvunzawo here? CHIPO: Hongu, bvunzai zvenyu. TENDAI: Ndarasika, ndiri kutsvaga mabhazi anoenda kuZengeza. Ndingaawane kupi? CHIPO: Mabhazi anoenda kuZengeza anowanikwa paCharge Office. TENDAI: Charge Office iri kupi? CHIPO: Iri muna Robson Manyika Avenue. TENDAI: Ndinosvika sei ikoko? CHIPO: Endai nemugwagwa uyu, endai kurudyi pamunosvika paunogumira. TENDAI: Ndatenda chaizvo.

Father bus change be proud duck to go walk v. to sit, stay, live yes drink v. jam collar stop v. seal v. news to see floor, ground sleep v. to choose work v. to speak come women close v. you yard egg summer Approximate English Equivalei account — butter change — doll edit food gum horse ink jug collar meat neat — orange pack — sit shoe tone ululate — valentine we yard zip pleasure 27 THE SHONA LANGUAGE Vowels There arefivevowels in Shona. Pronunciation is relatively easy, as it does not vary. Shona Vowel a e i o u Shona Example amai enda imba ona uya Gloss mother go house see come Approximate English Equivalent abroad egg important orange rule Syllables Some Shona syllables are difficult to pronounce.

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