By John Weinman
* completely revised to mirror the main advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to drugs and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New subject matters were extra together with sections on counselling, cognitive ways to therapy * The references within the textual content and for additional examining were up to date and revised * a large yet short evaluation of psychology as utilized to medication * presents a kick off point & framework for scientific scholars
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Extra resources for An Outline of Psychology As Applied to Medicine
Sensory and motor areas T h e functions of the sensory areas have been partly covered in the previous chapter in which a description was given of single-cell activity in the visual cortex. D a m a g e to this area in h u m a n s gives rise to partial or total loss of pattern vision depending on the extent of the d a m a g e . However, there is recent clinical and experimental evidence that some very basic capacities, involved in attention and eye movement control, may still exist following cortical blindness, albeit at a preconscious level.
By electroconvulsive therapy) can disrupt consolidation of memory. A suggested underlying mechanism is that of the 'reverberating loop', which would comprise a specific closed network of cells corresponding to a single memory. Once stimulated, reverberations could continue for a short period of time holding the information active. Deliberate or accidental administration of large electric shocks disrupts this process. Long-term storage would have to involve a more p e r m a n e n t structural change of the neural circuit.
97 7α ε υ 97-5> Ό 0) Ο OÙ 97-397-1 • 0400 0800 1200 1600 2000 2400 0400 Time of day Fig. 7. Time of day and body temperature. 24-hour cycle. Measures of daily changes in body temperature have been recorded in a large n u m b e r of studies and typically the pattern which is found can be seen in Fig. 7. Hospital records of patients whose temperatures are routinely taken at various times of the day also provide a record of the daily pattern of temperature changes. Patients without fever and non-patients alike show a pretty consistent pattern with t e m p e r a t u r e at its lowest in the early hours of the morning and at its highest in the early evening.