By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council
This e-book examines strength applied sciences for exchanging antipersonnel landmines by way of 2006, the U.S. goal date for signing a global treaty banning those guns. replacement applied sciences to interchange Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the position that know-how can play to permit yes guns for use extra selectively, lowering the risk to uninvolved civilians whereas bettering the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are an enormous weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the chronic style could cause unintentional casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences may change a few, yet now not all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines through 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may possibly get rid of the landmine absolutely, whereas maintaining the mandatory functionalities that latest mines offer to the army.
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Additional info for Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines
Munitions that must penetrate hulls, armor, and other obstructions before they detonate require insensitive, high-energy explosives. The major outstanding issue is achieving a balance between insensitivity and performance (NRC, 1997). • Sensors. Infrared imaging systems have clearly demonstrated their value on the battlefield. Affordable, cooled and uncooled staring focal-plane arrays and associated components that can operate in the midwave infrared and long-wave infrared bands will greatly enhance their value.
Combat capabilities and support structures to be able to shape and respond effectively in the face of challenges in the future. S. military superiority. S. military’s ability to perform nearterm missions and meet future challenges. • Exploit the revolution in business affairs to reengineer DOD’s infrastructure and support activities. • Ensure against unlikely, but significant, future threats so that risk in a resource-constrained environment can be managed effectively, and position the military to respond quickly and effectively to new threats as they emerge.
S. humanitarian demining policies and programs (DOS, 2000). S. military has trained indigenous forces in demining techniques and assisted in the establishment of in-country training programs. Movement Toward a Ban President Clinton first called for the elimination of APL in a speech to the United Nations (UN) General Assembly on September 26, 1994 (White House, 1994). On May 16, 1996, he announced a new policy, including a commitment to pursue an international ban on APL and to destroy about three million nonself-destructing APL by the end of 1999, retaining only those necessary for training and for defense of the Demilitarized Zone in Korea (White House, 1996).