By Liliane M. Vassberg
A German dialect spoken in Alsace (France), has speedily misplaced solution to French considering the fact that 1945. This ebook investigates language selection, language attitudes and ethnic identification in Alsace this day. The Alsatian case learn issues out the advanced interrelationship of linguistic and id swap with ancient, social and mental methods.
Read or Download Alsatian Acts Of Identity: Language Use and Language Attitude (Multilingual Matters, 90) PDF
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Additional resources for Alsatian Acts Of Identity: Language Use and Language Attitude (Multilingual Matters, 90)
High German, on the other hand, is used almost exclusively for writing. Some Alsatian writers write in High German, and some church services, especially in the Lutheran church, are still conducted in that language. Alsatians also have access to West German television channels and radio programs. But, as a rule, High German is not spoken among Alsatians. Language distribution Lars Olson's 1974 study is insightful and basically still valid in the early 1990s, since many subsequent studies have confirmed his analysis.
INSEE figures from 1946 and 1962 are not reproduced here, but they show clearly that it is through the schools that French was acquired during that period (Hessini, 1981: 66). The 1979 INSEE survey also investigates the use of the dialect according to geographical area. In rural areas it is higher (88%) than in the large urban centers (69%). In Strasbourg the percentage goes down even further to 62%. Hessini finds this to have been caused by the greater influx of monolingual French speakers in urban centers, the tendency for highly educated persons to live in cities, and the choice of some speakers not to use the dialect 'for reasons of prestige, social stigma, or political choice' (Hessini, 1981: 66).
See a book by Lou Uberti C'est pour demain camarades alsaciens! , of a young man forcibly enlisted in the German army. 2. Dr Ströhlin, a Burgmeister of the city of Stuttgart, wrote a report in which he analyzes the history of Alsace up to 1940, and in particular of the errors committed during the 1870-1918 German rule. Among those errors he lists, the use of French even by German functionaries, thus reinforcing the feeling that it was the language of a superior culture. Dr Ströhlin attibutes the 'attitude of refusal' of Alsatians to the fact that Alsatians felt that Germans treated them as the vanquished and underdeveloped.