By Murat Öztürk
This publication investigates contemporary regulations brought into Turkey that are designed to lessen kingdom actions and open up the rustic to foreign funding and exchange. this is often performed within the context of the UNs Millennium improvement targets carrying on with to stretch into the far away destiny amid the continuing instability of the worldwide economic system and monetary pressures at the West. the point of interest is on agriculture and the most important results of a planned restructuring of an agrarian economic system as obvious throughout the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This designated socioeconomic assessment of Turkey, that's usually regarded as a latest luck tale of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a brand new realizing of the damaging results of world capitalism. a few matters addressed are the consequences on Turkey's geographical region as its agricultural region has been catapulted onto the area marketplace, how farming has replaced and what this has intended for small-scale businesses. additionally mentioned is how rural groups have fared, capital kinfolk were remodeled within the approach and the effect this has had at the nation's negative. ultimately, the ways that neo-liberalism has guided government's reaction to the hot social wishes is mentioned besides how Turkey's adventure parallels comparable advancements world wide. This serves as a window to the truth of improvement at a time while the philosophy for progress underpinning improvement is dealing with an more and more profound concern of self assurance around the world
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Additional resources for Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age
In the context of agricultural income rises and the beginnings of rural-to-urban migration after 1950, rural sociology in Turkey focused especially on migration and rural transformation, generally approaching this from a developmentalist or modernist point of view. The peasantry and its environment were problematised, with consideration of issues around rural education, infrastructure, unemployment, health provision and, of course, migration. More recent work has begun to look at some of the contemporary complexities – questioning the village and peasantry as unit of analysis, for example, and looking at the widening income generation base in villages – which here serves as a launching pad for an investigation into the socio-economic structures and dynamics of rural life today.
Contrary to the negative implications behind these questions, however, the further development of peasant (smallholder) survival strategies, increases in the non-agricultural usage of villages, and various forms of population movements to rural areas have the potential to reduce poverty in the countryside. It is entirely conceivable that effective policies might be able to utilise and maximise these potentials and support the reduction of urban overcrowding while also supplying a better living environment for the elderly in particular.
This remains the case despite the fact that farming with one’s own means of production enables nutritional and housing requirements to be more easily met for the rural poor than the urban, and even though the effects of poverty are ameliorated in rural areas through family solidarity and communal ties among neighbours. Secondly, one main source of (the character of ) poverty in a country like Turkey is rural-to-urban migration (of the peasantry, that is, from agriculture and, often enough, into the ranks of the city poor).