By Martin Maiden
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1995 through Longman Publishing
A Linguistic heritage of Italian bargains a transparent and concise rationalization of why smooth Italian grammar has develop into how it is. It makes a speciality of the consequences of ancient alterations at the smooth constitution of Italian, revealing styles and buildings which aren't regularly obvious to those that are just conversant in glossy Italian. even if the ebook concentrates at the inner background of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader historical past of the background of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements comparable to cultural and social affects also are tested. Surveys of present study are integrated, overlaying a variety of phenomena lately dropped at mild or re-evaluated.
This publication comprises dialogue of a few parts quite overlooked via prior histories of the language, corresponding to the advance of Italian outdoor Italy. specific cognizance is paid to the impression of alternative Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural adaptations that have resulted from the purchase of the language via a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing sincerely provided examples, the ebook is designed to be available to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to hence attract scholars of basic linguistics, heritage linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the purely significant 'internal' historical past of Italian at the moment on hand in English.
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Extra resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
Many linguistic histories make much of the distinction between phonetic (or 'allophonic') variation on the one hand and the emergence of phonemic 18 A LINGUISTIC HISTORY OF ITALIAN opposition on the other. While the notion of distinctive opposition is of absolutely fundamental importance, it is far from evident that phonemic opposition defined in terms of minimal pairs deserves to be given much weight. We think that far less violence is likely to be done to the linguistic facts if the classification of sound differences into 'phonemic' and 'allophonic' is not overemphasized, and there will be little mention of the 'phoneme' in what follows.
20 Morphologization is a form of 'grammaticalization', but the term grammaticalization is commonly reserved for that development whereby an originally autonomous lexical word gradually loses its distinctive meaning, and becomes a mere indicator of grammatical categories. ,finirQ 'I shall finish',finirai 'you will finish'), originate as present tense forms of the Latin verb HABERE, meaning 'to have', 'to possess'. 6 Analogy Linguistic form often becomes reorganized in such a way that it constitutes a more perspicuous and diagrammatic expression of meaning.
Transcriptions of speech sounds will be indicated in bold face, and square brackets ([ ]), nonnally associated with 'phonetic' or 'allophonic' (and, therefore, 'non-phonemic') transcriptions. They will be used only where speech sounds are cited in isolation from the words in which they appear. In other words, '[e], means 'this is the speech sound e (and not the letter 'e')'. 5 Some concepts in linguistic change Without attempting to provide even an outline of the theory and principles of language change (see, for example, McMahon (1994», we sketch here, with some very brief illustrations, certain concepts which will be particularly useful in studying the history of Italian.