By David Chandler
During this transparent and concise quantity, writer David Chandler offers a well timed assessment of Cambodia, a small yet more and more obvious Southeast Asian kingdom. Praised by means of the Journal of Asian reports as an original contribution, greater to the other present work,” this acclaimed textual content has now been thoroughly revised and up to date to incorporate fabric studying the early heritage of Cambodia, whose recognized Angkorean ruins now allure a couple of million travelers every year, the demise of Pol Pot, and the revolution and ultimate cave in of the Khmer Rouge. The fourth variation displays fresh study by way of significant students in addition to Chandler’s lengthy immersion within the topic and comprises a completely new part at the demanding situations dealing with Cambodia this present day, together with an research of the present country of politics and sociology and the expanding pressures of globalization. This entire evaluation of Cambodia will remove darkness from, for undergraduate scholars in addition to basic readers, the heritage and modern politics of a rustic lengthy misunderstood.
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Additional info for A History of Cambodia (4th Edition)
Plantation exports like rubber and pepper were developed in the colonial era; rice exports, which made up the bulk of twentieth-century Cambodian foreign trade, were also of little use in early times, when nearly everyone in the region produced enough to feed themselves. The point to make about these high-value, low-bulk goods is that they were cultivated or caught by forest people rather than by the inhabitants of towns. Many of them probably traveled considerable distances before they reached Oc-Eo, and so did the goods or coins that traders used to pay for them.
15 There is evidence that the major step during the Funan period toward the integration of the small, dry-rice-growing and root-cultivating principalities, whose people worshipped Siva, with hunting and gathering societies inland from Oc-Eo was the introduction, perhaps as late as 500, of systematic irrigation; drainage probably came earlier. We have seen in the Kaundinya myth that drainage was attributed to the good offices of a dragon king, but the most important passage related to this innovation, and to Indianization, is Chinese, one which appears at first to be a garbled version of the original myth: Then a Brahman named Kaundinya ruled the kingdom.
Until quite recently, scholars sought to consolidate this assortment of small kingdoms under the name Chenla, which was given to one of them by the Chinese and preserved in nineteenth-century Vietnamese as a name for Cambodia. The Chinese, in fact, distinguished between two Chenlas, one associated with the Mekong Delta (and known as “water Chenla”) and the other (“land Chenla”) apparently located somewhere on the upper reaches of the Mekong, perhaps near present-day Wat Ph’u in southern Laos. The Chinese were not averse to exaggerating the importance of the so-called barbarian states from which they received tribute.